Requirements to Build A Good Stair

Location of Stair:

The staircase should be located at the right place in a building with adequate light and ventilation. In a residential house, the stairs may be provided near the main entrance. In case of a public building, it should be located at the central position for a quick accessibility.

Width of Stair:

The width of stairs depends on the traffic flow and may vary from building to building. In public building, the width of stairs should be at least 6 feet and in a residential building, it should be 3 feet.

Length of Stair:

The flight should provide a maximum of 12 and a minimum number of 3 steps.

Pitch of Stair:

The maximum pitch for a domestic building should not exceed 42° and for a public building, it should not exceed 33°.

Head Room:

The minimum head room in a staircase should not be less than 6 feet 8 inches.


The width of landing should be always greater than the width of a stair.


Fire resisting materials should be used to construct the staircase for better safety.


Balustrade should be provided in all open well stairs to minimize the accidents. Hand rail must be used on the both sides of wide stairs (When stair is wider than 44 cm).


To build a safe and easy staircase, winders should be avoided, but if necessary it may be provided at lower end of the flight.


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