## Short Column |
## Long Column |

A column is considered to be short if the ratio of effective length to its least lateral dimension is less than or equal to 12. | A column is considered to be long if the ratio of effective length of column to its least lateral dimension is greater than 12. |

The ratio of effective length of a short column to its least radius of gyration is less than or equal to 40. | The ratio of effective length of a long column to its least radius of gyration is greater than 40. |

Buckling tendency is very low. | Long and slender columns buckle easily. |

The load carrying capacity is high as compared to long column of the same cross sectional area. | The load carrying capacity is less as compared to short column of the same cross sectional area. |

The failure of the short column is by crushing. | The column generally fails in buckling. |

Tanks

Short columns usually fail by crushing,but a selender column liable to fail buckling.