Stone Masonry Details

Stone masonry

Stone masonry is made of stone units bonded together with mortar.

Type of Stone Masonry

Rubble masonry

  1. Random rubble masonry
    1. Coursed – Uncoursed
  2. Square rubble masonry
    1. Coursed – Uncoursed
  3. Polygonal rubble masonry
  4. Flint rubble masonry
  5. Dry rubble masonry

Ashlar masonry

  1. Ashlar fine masonry
  2. Ashlar rough tooled
  3. Rock (or) quarry faced
  4. Ashlar chamfered
  5. Ashlar block in course
Rubble masonry

Random rubble masonry (Coursed)

In this type of masonry stones having straight bed and sides are used. The stones are usually squared and brought to hammer dressed or straight cut finish.

In the coursed square rubble masonry, the work is carried out in courses of varying depth.

Random rubble masonry (Un-Coursed)

In this type of masonry stones having straight bed and sides are used. The stones are usually squared and brought to hammer dressed or straight cut finish.

In the uncoursed square rubble masonry, the different sizes of stones having straight edges and sides are arranged on face in several irregular patterns.

Polygonal rubble masonry

This type of rubble masonry, the stones are hammer dressed. The stones used for face work are dressed in an irregular polygonal shape. Thus the face joints are seen running in an irregular fashion in all directions.

Flint rubble masonry

This type of masonry, stone used are flints or cobbles. These are irregularly shaped nodules of silica. The stones are extremely hard. But they are brittle and therefore they break easily.

Dry rubble masonry

This type of masonry, mortar is not used in the joints. This type of construction is the cheapest and requires more skill in construction. This may be used for non-load bearing walls such as compound walls, etc.,

Ashlar Masonry

Ashlar Fine Masonry

This type ashlar masonry, each stone is cut to uniform size and shape with all sides rectangular, so that the stone gives perfectly horizontal and vertical joints with adjoining stone. This type of ashlar masonry is very costly.

Ashlar rough tooled masonry

This type of ashlar masonry, the beds and sides are finely chisel-dressed. But the face is made rough by means of tools. A strip, about 25mm wide and made by means of chisel is provided around the perimeter of the rough dressed face of each stone.

Ashlar rock or quarry faced masonry

This type of ashlar masonry, a strip about 25mm wide and made by means of chisel is provided around the perimeter of every stone as in case of rough-tooled ashlar masonry. But the remaining portion of the face is left in the same form as received from quarry.

Ashlar chamfered masonry

This type of ashlar masonry, the strip is provided as below. But it is chamfered or beveled at an angle of 45 degrees by means of chisel for a depth of about 25mm.

Ashlar back in course masonry

This is combination of rubble masonry and ashlar masonry. In this type of masonry, the face work is provided with rough tooled or hammer dresses stones and backing of the wall may be made in rubble masonry.

 

2 Comments on “Stone Masonry Details”

  1. It’s great to know that there are so many different stone types in masonry. My wife and I are always looking for new ways to beautify our landscape. We’ll be sure to find a knowledgable stoneworker to help us achieve this goal!

  2. There are two main types of stone masonry. First is Ashlar Masonry; Ashlar are stones which are finely dressed in a square or rectangular shape and are completely free from defects, joints in this form of masonry are finely made and have a thickness of around 3 mm. Second is Rubble Masonry; this form of masonry involves laying of rough undressed stones irregularly, this form of masonry is extremely cheap and is useful in low income areas for constructing traditional huts and mud houses especially in village

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