1. Use well graded, hard and durable aggregates.
2. Use sufficient quantity of cement to achieve required water tightness and strength.
3. Mix the concrete thoroughly for getting better homogeneity.
4. Keep the water-cement ratio as minimum as possible.
5. Compact the freshly placed concrete to remove air bubbles and voids.
6. Cure the concrete properly at least for 28 days.
7. Maintain the concrete temperature above the freezing point until it becomes hard enough.