Surveying, the first step of starting a new civil engineering project, is a very important branch of civil engineering. To understand the techniques of surveying a student must carefully study the basics of it.
The planning and design of all Civil Engineering projects such as construction of highways, bridges, tunnels, dams etc., are based upon surveying measurements. Moreover, during execution, project of any magnitude is constructed along the lines and points established by surveying.
Surveying is a basic requirement for all Civil Engineering projects.
Other principal works in which surveying is primarily utilized are
- To fix the national and state boundaries.
- To chart coastlines, navigable streams and lakes.
- To establish control points.
- To execute hydrographic and oceanographic charting and mapping.
- To prepare topographic map of land surface of the earth.
- The planning and design of all Civil Engineering projects such as railways, highways, tunneling, irrigation, dams, reservoirs, waterworks, sewerage works, airfields, ports, massive buildings, etc. are based upon surveying measurements.
- During execution of the project of any magnitude is constructed along the lines and points established by surveying.
- The measurement of land and the fixation of its boundaries cannot be done without surveying.
- The economic feasibility of the engineering feasibility of a project cannot be properly ascertained without undertaking a survey work.
- The execution of hydrographic and oceanographic charting and mapping requires.
- Surveying is used to prepare a topographic map of a land surface of the earth