Square or Rectangular Column:
These are usually found in the construction of buildings. When the shape of the room remains rectangular or square, these types of columns are suitable.
These are known as specially designed columns and extensively utilized in piling and elevation of the buildings. This type of column is applied in elevation to get rid of edges.
L- Type Column:
They are commonly applied in the corners of the boundary wall and contain similar characteristics of a rectangular or square column. These types of columns are rarely utilized.
T- Type Column:
This type of column is applied on the basis of the design requirements and in the erection of bridges, etc. It contains equivalent characteristics of a rectangular or square column.
V- Type Column:
It appears in V shape and normally utilized if the room remains in trapezoidal form. It needs greater amount of concrete with reference to the other columns.
Y – Type Columns:
These types of columns are normally utilized in building up bridges, flyovers, etc.
Y type Column with Arch:
It has similarity with Y-type Column but it contains curved edges or sides. These are normally constructed under the bridges and flyovers where there is an obstruction for building up more columns to resist severe loads on top.
Hexagon columns are usually the columns which are reformed. It contains six sides and it provides good illustrative view normally applied in elevation. The purpose of this column is to provide a elegant look to the column. It is normally constructed in open verandahs, Auditoriums, Cinema halls etc.
Arch type columns:
These are commonly found in the room with arch type shape. It is mainly provided when there is no scope for constructing square or rectangular or circular type of column. It is not recommended since the casting process is very complicated.