Basic Terms in Masonry

Course:

Horizontal layer of bricks or stones.

Bed:

Lower surface of bricks/stones in each course which is perpendicular to the line of pressure.

Backing:

Unexposed wall

Facing:

Exposed to weather

Hearting:

Between the facing and backing

Joint:

Bed and perpend.

Header:

Length is perpendicular to the face of the wall

Stretcher:

Longest side parallel to the face of the wall.

Bond:

Individual brick units are tied together with mortar is called as bond.

Closer:

Portion of brick cut in such a manner that its one long face remains uncut.

Queen closer:

Length-wise cutting of brick.

King closer:

Cutting off the triangular piece between the center of one end and the center of the other (long) side.

Bat:

Brick cut across the width

Soldier:

Laid vertically with the long narrow side of the brick exposed.

Sailor:

Laid vertically with the broad face of the brick exposed.

Rowlock:

Laid on the long narrow side with the short end of the brick exposed.

 

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